MARIE CURIE

Maria Sklodowska was born in 1867 in Warsaw, she had 4 other brothers.
Her father, Wadiswad Sklodowska, was a physics and mathematics teacher and deputy principal at a Warsaw girls’ high school, while her mother, Maria, was a schoolteacher in the same city.
From an early age, she excelled at school for her skills, mainly in physics and mathematics.

In 1874 her mother underwent treatment for tuberculosis. Two years later her sister, Sophia, died of typhus, while in 1878 her mother, Maria, died.
Despite all the hardships, Maria Skuodowska continued her studies at a state high school and graduated successfully. While working as a governess and teacher in wealthy families, she attended classes at the illegal “Flying University”.In 1891, at the age of 24, she moved to the home of her older sister, Bronisoava, in Paris to attend the Sorbonne University School of Science. Due to financial problems, she had difficult student years, however, Maria Sklodowska graduated from Sorbonne University with degrees in mathematics, chemistry, and physics.
Maria Sklodowska first met Pierre Curie in February 1894. Pierre Curie had studied Physics at the Sorbonne and was a few years older than her. They got married and had two daughters.

Marie Curie became known for her discovery of radio and her studies of radioactivity. She received many titles and awards, some alone and others with her husband.

SOCIAL STRATIFICATION

Maria Sklodowska lived in an environment without financial comforts, where she was not allowed to receive higher education and in Poland, higher education was not provided to women. Both Marie and her sister Bronya, despite the problems, wanted to study and they succeeded. She gained great prestige in 1903, where she won the Nobel Prize in Physics with her husband and Henri Becquerel for the discovery of radioactivity. Three years after Pierre Curie’s death, Marie was named professor, becoming the first female professor at Sorbonne University. In 1911, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his discovery of the two chemical elements (polonium and radio) and his isolation and description of the atomic properties of radio.
Maria Sklodowska was a child of a troubled and unfortunate family but she managed to create upward social mobility due to her love of learning and was later vindicated as the first woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize.

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